The Impact of AI Advancements: Who Wins and Who Loses in the Professional World


In the rapidly evolving landscape of artificial intelligence (AI), powered by groundbreaking platforms like ChatGPT and DALL-E, the world of work is undergoing a profound transformation. The question that looms large is this: Which professions will thrive in this new AI-driven era, and which ones are poised to face the most significant challenges? We sought answers from leading researchers, and here’s what they had to say.

Professions at Risk

Dr. Andrius Grybauskas, a prominent AI researcher, acknowledges the complexities of predicting which professions will bear the brunt of AI disruption. Previous notions about job automation, he notes, are only partially accurate. According to him, “Much of today’s research regarding job automation has been done prior to GPT-4 technologies.”

Recent studies, including one by OpenAI, have illuminated the vulnerability of certain occupations. Professions like mathematicians, accountants, journalists, and web designers are among those exposed to the potential waves of automation. However, Dr. Grybauskas reminds us that “exposure does not mean complete automation,” and the outcome of this AI revolution remains uncertain.

The Knowledge-Intensive Jobs in Peril

Professor Mantas Vilkas sheds light on how knowledge-intensive professions might be the hardest hit. He emphasizes that IT developers, sales managers (particularly telemarketers), educators, legal professionals, and creative industry workers could be significantly affected.

Take IT developers, for instance; AI models can now write, test, and translate code, potentially reducing their workload by a substantial margin. While this could boost productivity in the short term, Vilkas envisions a scenario where AI models accomplish even more complex tasks, leading to substantial changes in these sectors.

Professions Poised for Prosperity

On the flip side, Dr. Morteza Ghobakhloo highlights professions heavily reliant on cognitive tasks and creative problem-solving. Education, healthcare, law, finance, and marketing professionals are primed to reap the benefits of AI platforms like ChatGPT. AI can augment their work by analyzing data, identifying patterns, and providing valuable insights. Lawyers, for instance, can harness AI for legal research and contract analysis.

In finance, AI can enhance risk assessment and investment strategies, while marketers can use it to personalize customer experiences. Ghobakhloo states that “the transformative potential lies in AI’s ability to streamline processes and empower professionals to focus on complex and strategic tasks.”

A Glimpse into the Future

Dr. Peiman A. Sarvari provides a visual representation of professions set to benefit from AI advancements. It’s a spectrum that spans across industries, illustrating how AI can automate routine tasks, improve data analysis, enhance customer interaction, and aid in creative endeavors.

According to Sarvari, “each knowledge worker will get a tool supporting their activities. It could lead to job losses in mature knowledge-intensive industries lacking growth potential.”


In the age of AI, the professional landscape is a tale of two extremes. On one side, there are those poised for unprecedented growth and efficiency, thanks to AI’s transformative power. On the other, there are professions grappling with uncertainty, as the specter of automation looms large. The path ahead is uncertain, as the impact of AI continues to evolve. What’s clear is that adaptability and reskilling will be crucial for professionals in both camps to navigate this brave new world of work. As AI technologies like ChatGPT and DALL-E advance, the winners and losers in the professional arena will be determined by their ability to harness the power of AI or adapt to its challenges.