Industry 4.0 Insights

A Policy Brief from the Policy Learning Platform on Research and innovation. September, 2019

Americans have not yet grappled with just how profoundly the artificial
intelligence (AI) revolution will impact our economy, national security,
and welfare. Much remains to be learned about the power and limits
of AI technologies. Nevertheless, big decisions need to be made now
to accelerate AI innovation to benefit the United States and to defend
against the malign uses of AI.

The Global Risks Report 2021, 16th Edition, is published by the World Economic Forum.

The Global Competitiveness Report SPECIAL EDITION 2020. How Countries are Performing on the Road to Recovery. Klaus Schwab, Saadia Zahidi. World Economic Forum.

Circular Economy Principles for Building Design

More than at any time before, we need to apply circular economy and resource efficiency principles to the building and demolition sectors to reduce resource use in the future. The European Commission has reaffirmed this challenging goal through the European Green Deal. However, it is far from easy to implement concepts of resource efficiency and the circular economy to buildings.

In regards of the diversity of Regulations in Europe and how European norms are articulated into national norms, we recognize that Circular economy must be implemented differently in every European country. The Circular Economy Principles for building design published by the European Commission in 2020 intend to propose a coherent circular economy scientific framework capable to recognize and mitigate negative interactions (trade-offs) and maximize positive synergies looking to establish coherent systemic agendas.  Systemic and territorial solutions will benefit from collaboration between the public sector (as the data hub for circular economy monitoring and reporting), academia (to transfer research results to practice), and cooperation partners (civil society to be informed and actively participate; private sector to deploy new business opportunities connected to circular economy data and software). The actors involved are facing several existing or potential dilemmas: structural resistance versus easy to disassemble, longevity versus flexibility, simple versus composite products, renovations versus new-build, etc.

The successful implementation of the circular economy in the construction sector in Europe hinges on collaboration across sectors to allow for the circular and integrated use of materials and energy. Currently, a fair and open data ecosystem in the implementation of local circular economy principles in the construction and demolition sectors lacks coherent and comprehensive cross-sectional agendas within all levels of public authorities (from municipality to national offices) and within neighbouring territories and regions. The European Union has recognized this issue by developing the Circular economy principles for building design report (European Commission, 2020), building upon the previously established ‘Resource Efficiency Scoreboard’, ‘Raw Materials Scoreboard’ and “Waste Framework Directive” (Moraga et al., 2019).

This is an evidence-based report aiming to identify the drivers able to anticipate the divergences in the CE building design local implementation.

Global scenarios 2035 OECD

In 2021 the global economy as well as the political and regulatory structures that govern it are at a historic crossroads. COVID-19 has brought about disruption and heightened uncertainty with respect to future trajectories of changes such as digitalization and related technologies associated with Industry 4.0, geopolitical realignments, rising social inequalities and fragmentation, environmental crises and new threats to democratic governance. In this context, organizations of both private and public spheres around the globe face the challenge of modernizing and adapting to remain relevant, without knowing what the future will look like or entail.

This OECD report explores key drivers of change that could significantly affect the future of global collaboration in public policy.

The report presents three scenarios of the ways the world could be significantly different than expected in 2035.

Readiness for the Future of Production Report 2018

World Economic Forum’s readiness for the Future of Production Assessment 2018 analyses how well positioned countries are today to shape and benefit from the changing nature of production in the future. The assessment is made up of two main components: Structure of Production, or a country’s current baseline of production, and Drivers of Production, or the key enablers that position a country to capitalize on the Fourth Industrial Revolution to transform production systems.

The 100 countries and economies included in the assessment which comprise more than 95% of global manufacturing value added, are assigned to one of four archetypes. Lithuania is evaluated as a legacy country, ranked in 31st place out of 100 countries. Legacy countries have a strong production base today but are at risk for the future due to weaker performance across the Drivers of Production component.  Japan, South Korea, Germany, Switzerland and China leads Readiness for the Future of Production 2018


Industry 4.0 across the globe: EU


Industry 4.0 across the globe: North America


Industry 4.0 across the globe: Asia